Previous eCAADe Conferences

2016: Complexity & Simplicity

Host: Oulu School of Architecture, August 22nd – 26th 2015, Oulu, Finland

Chairman: Aulikki Herneoja

Web site: www.ecaade.org/prev-conf/archive/ecaade2016/

Recent development in digital technologies and digital design tools enable us to address complex situations in architectural environments, ranging in scale from structures and buildings to urban contexts. We often expect technology to better help us manage the complexity of life, to simplify our daily lives and tasks. However, these developments also raise the question of whether design technologies encourage complexity at the expense of simplicity in both the design process and lived environments. Does computation cause complexity? Or does it enable simplicity?

2015: Real Time: Extending the Reach of Computation

Host: Vienna University of Technology, September 16th – 18th 2015, Vienna, Austria

Chairman: Bob Martens

Web site: www.ecaade.org/prev-conf/archive/ecaade2015/

The utopian promise of real-time in architecture is finally approaching everyday practice. Though it may not be just what was expected. While truly responsive, shape shifting environments largely remain within virtual worlds, it is the design and production processes at the beginning of the project lifecycle which are accelerating.

The focus of eCAADe 2015 lies on tools, methods and theories that foster a new kind of thinking about architectural design as a time-critical and time-related activity.

2014: Fusion: Data integration at its best

Host:Northumbria University, September 10th – 12th 2014, Newcastle, United Kingdom

Chairman: Emine Thompson

Web site: www.ecaade.org/prev-conf/archive/ecaade2014/

All quests for data integration in architecture and the construction industry lead ultimately to FUSION, a synthesis of knowledge that transcends mere combination. FUSION is the dream of a knowledge system that will enable multiple sets of data, in manifold formats, to be presented in a unified view.

The conference explored the possibilities for advanced levels of data integration in the service of the representation and management of the natural environment, and the design, visualisation and making of the built environment.

2013: Computation and Performance

Host:Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), September 18th – 20th 2013, Delft, the Netherlands

Chairman: Rudi Stouffs

Web site: www.ecaade.org/prev-conf/archive/ecaade2013

Since long, a building no longer simply serves to shelter human activity from the natural environment. It must not just defy natural forces, carry its own weight, its occupants and their possessions, it should also functionally facilitate its occupants’ activities, be esthetically pleasing, be economical in building and maintenance costs, provide temperature, humidity, lighting and acoustical comfort, be sustainable with respect to material, energy and other resources, and so forth. Considering all these performance aspects in building design is far from straightforward and their integration into the design process further increases complexity, interdisciplinarity and the need for computational support.
One of the roles of computation in planning and design is the measurement and prediction of the performances of buildings and cities, where performance denotes the ability of this built environment to meet various technical and non-technical requirements (physical as well as psychological) placed upon them by owners, users and society at large.

2012: Digital Physicality | Physical DigitalityPrague

Host: Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture, 12th- 14th September 2012

Chairman: Henri Achten

Digitality is the condition of living in a world where ubiquitous information and communication technology is embedded in the physical world. Although it is possible to point out what is “digital” and what is “real,” the distinction has become pointless, and it has no more explanatory power for our environment, buildings, and behaviour. Material objects are invested with communication possibilities, teams are communicating even when not together, and buildings can sense and respond to the environment, each other, and to inhabitants. Digital is no longer an add-on, extra, or separate software. Reality is partly digital and partly physical.

Web site: www.ecaade.org/prev-conf/archive/ecaade2012/

2011: Respecting Fragile PlacesLjubljana

Host: Ljubljana, Slovenia, 21st- 24th September 2011

Chairman: Tadeja Zupancic

Web site: www.ecaade.org/prev-conf/archive/ecaade2011/

The main topics of the conference are recognition, development and encouragement of virtual space design which in a consequence respect the problematic of sensitive and even fragile places of our physical and virtual surroundings.

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  • How do we define the levels of fragility either in physical or in virtual space, or in any fluid architectural endeavours?
  • How do we respect the diversity of spatial fragility levels while introducing new design interventions?
  • What can be defined as a (eCAADe-) sensitive / responsive / responsible design intervention?
  • How to develop physical and virtual laboratories for sensitive / responsive / responsible design interventions?
  • How to promote sensitive / responsive / responsible design interventions as members of eCAADe and related communities?
  • What is the future of physical and virtual environments, requiring the most sensitive and responsible design interventions?

These are just a few questions which will be addressed at our next eCAADe conference which will take place in September 2011 in Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Topics include but are not limited to:

  • CAAD Curriculum
  • City Modelling
  • Collaborative Design Design Tool Development
  • Digital Aids to Design Creativity
  • Information/Knowledge Architecture & BIM Generative and Parametric Design
  • Human-Computer Interaction Modes of Production New Design Concepts and Strategies Precedence and Prototypes Research, Education and Practice Shape
  • Studies Simulation, Visualization, Prediction and Evaluation Tools for Construction and Production User Participation in Design Virtual Architecture

2010: Future CitiesZurich

Host: ETH Hönggerberg campus, Zurich, Switzerland

Chairman: Frédéric Bosché

Web site: www.ecaade.org/prev-conf/archive/ecaade2010/

For the first time in human history, more than 50% of the world’s population lives in urban regions. Cities are the largest, most complex, and most dynamic man-made systems. They are vibrant centers of cultural life and engines that drive the global economy.

Contemporary cities are environmentally, socially, and economically unsustainable. The quality of urban life is threatened by such factors as pollution, rising temperatures, limited resources, congestion, social inequalities, aging of large sectors of the world population, poverty, informality, crime, and economic imbalances. The overall planning of future cities is a challenge that can only be faced by interdisciplinary teams combining multitudes of backgrounds and expertise.

The focus of the eCAADe 2010 conference is that of tools, methods, and theories that support the new design of new cities and the transformation of existing cities. Authors are encouraged to submit their most recent research, teaching, practice and experience reports, or novel applications relating to topics of the eCAADe 2010 conference.

2009: Computation: The New Realm of Architectural DesignIstanbul

Host: Istanbul Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, Taskisla Campus

Chairman: Prof. Gülen Cagdas and Assoc. Prof. Birgül Colakoglu

Web site: www.ecaade.org/prev-conf/archive/ecaade2009/

In the field of architecture, Computational Design has emerged as sub-discipline which has a multidisciplinary nature and uses computing methods and capabilities to understand and solve architectural design problems. Computational Design aims to provide means for harnesing more deliberate and conscious ways of computing processes in design.

2008: architecture ‘in computro’Antwerpen

Host: The Higher Institute of Architectural Sciences, Henry van de Velde, College of Design Sciences, University of Antwerpen

Chairman: Prof. M. Muylle

For more than 25 years CAAD has been available and more and more successfully used in research and the commercial Architectural practice. Is CAAD a part of design teaching or is it its logical successor in a global E-topia? The integration of CAAD education in the wider field of research and design topics will make it at least greater than the sum of its parts and could be the key to boosting this technology for the future.

2007: Predicting the FutureWiesbaden

Host: Faculty of Architecture and Civil engineering, FH Wiesbaden

Chairman: Prof. Joachim Kieferle

Web site: www.ecaade.org/prev-conf/archive/ecaade2007/

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Digital tools can support the whole design process from the early phases through to final production. They enable the project participants to gain a better understanding of ideas and issues throughout all project phases.

The focus of the eCAADe 2007 conference was that of tools and methods that support the whole range of participants from laymen to specialists in communicating, planning, costing and realizing built projects in all of the architectural fields. Areas of interest that we invited papers on included:

• CAAD Curriculum
• City Modelling
• Collaborative Design
• Digital Aids to Design Creativity
• Digital Applications in Construction
• Generative Design
• Human-Computer Interaction
• Mass Customization
• Modes of Production
• Pervasive Computing
• Precedence and Prototypes
• Prediction and Evaluation
• Research, Education and Practice
• Shape Studies
• User Participation in Design
• Virtual Architecture
• Virtual Reality
• Web-Based Design

2006: Communicating Space(s)Volos

Host:Dept. of Architecture, University of Thessaly

Chairman: Vassilis Bourdakis

Web site: www.ecaade.org/prev-conf/archive/ecaade2006/

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During the last four decades, designers have utilized information and communication technologies for creating environmental representations in order to communicate spatial concepts or designs and for enhancing spaces, as contexts for mediated communication. This hypothesis implies two diverse but partially intersecting thematic axes along which spatial design and communication relate:

  • Time-based media, information systems and tele-communication networks have been used for creating and transmitting environmental representations – interactive or not, static or dynamic, locally or remotely experienced. Representations range from small objects , to buildings and up to landscape models and support various phases of the design process: recording and analyzing existing environments, creating visualizations of the design process and/or the designed space and finally communicating completed designs.
  • Information and communication technologies have been used for enhancing physical environments in order to create spatial contexts for mediated communication. The contemporary urban environment usually incorporates various kinds of representations of reality, communicated to citizens via various media and appropriate display systems. New types of mobile communication technologies, multi-user virtual environments, geographical positioning systems, graphical interfaces on mobile devices, as well as the convergence of these systems, lead to new forms of mediated communication, which may significantly restructure the way we socialize, alter the experience of urban space and the relationship of the physical world with the technologically mediated environment.

2005: Digital Design: the quest for new paradigmsCopenhagen

Host: Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal

Chairman: Jose Duarte

Web site: www.ecaade.org/prev-conf/archive/ecaade2005/

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Digital Design: the quest for new paradigms
As the field of computer-aided design evolved over the last thirty years or so, it has witnessed five changes of emphasis in research direction.

In the first stage, the use of computers in architecture focused on the development of computer-aided design (CAD), that is, systems that simulated the use of drafting tools, and research was mainly concerned with the satisfaction of designers’ ergonomic needs.

In the second stage, there were efforts to use computer tools in non-graphical aspects of designing, such as the use of Data Base Management Systems (DBMS) in the quantity survey of buildings. The concern was to satisfy the cognitive needs of designers by focusing on the way information and knowledge were perceived, acquired, stored, and processed.

In the third stage, the focus shifted to the development of realistic models of buildings to permit the assessment of design proposals.

In the fourth stage, the focus was on studies concerned with the encoding of architectural knowledge into design tools (KBMS), and the discussion was whether to go towards design automation or design supporting tools.

In the fifth stage, with the advent of the Internet and the development of communication tools, research became focused on the collaborative and social aspects of design activity. In recent years, research also became concerned with the exploration of the physical implications of digital media in the production of artefacts. Today, there is a vast range of research interests and approaches, but the quest for new, unifying paradigms continues.

In addition to these main topics for the eCAADe 2005 conference other topics include but are not limited to:

• CAAD Curriculum
• City Modelling
• Collaborative Design
• Digital Methods of Construction
• Generative Design
• Human-Computer Interaction
• Mass Customisation
• Modes of Production
• Pervasive Computing
• Research, Education & Practice
• Precedents and Prototypes
• Prediction and Evaluation
• Shape Studies
• User Participation in Design
• Virtual Architecture
• Virtual Reality
• Web-Based Design

Copenhagen2004: Architecture in the Network Society

Host: The School of Architecture, Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts

Chairman: Henning Orbak

Web site archive: www.ecaade.org/prev-conf/archive/ecaade2004/

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Architecture as a part of society is changing both from within and under the influence of new paradigms relating to other disciplines: scientific, economical, social, cultural and political.

The eCAADe 2004 conference focused on the *dialog and sharing of knowledge* between architects and other disciplines, and reflected on, new methods in the design process to enhance and improve the impact of information technology on architecture.

Information and technology narrows the gap between architecture and related disciplines. It promotes *interdisciplinary work*, and changes both the way we do design and the design results. The eCAADe 2004 conference reflected this.

In addition to these two main topics for the eCAADe 2004 conference, other topics included, but were not limited to:

• CAAD-curriculumn
• City Modelling
• Collaborative Design
• Digital Methods of Construction
• Generaative Design
• Human-Computer Interaction
• Mass Customisation
• Modes of Production
• Pervasive Computing
• Research, Education & Practise
• Precedence and Prototypes
• Prediction and Evaluation
• Shape Studies
• User Participation in Design
• Virtual Architecture
• Virtual Reality
• Web-Based Design

2003: Digital DesignHost: Graz University of Technology, AustriaGraz

Chairman: Dr. Wolfgang Dokonal

Web site archive: www.ecaade.org/prev-conf/archive/ecaade2003/

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There is no question any longer about whether the computer can be used as an effective tool in creating and producing architecture. However, drafting and visualisation are still the dominant applications in architecture. The power of the computer as a design tool and as a design stimulator has still to be fully exploited. Experiences within research communities show that the implementation of computer applications in an early stage of the architectural design process still seems to be limited. In times where architectural curricula are responding to contemporary education needs, the question of positioning computer related subjects demands a well-founded approach; an approach based on informed research, knowledge of education and issues architectural design processes. The 2003 eCAADe-conference considered a range of issues that impinge on how computers are involved in the design process.

Topics of interest for the 2003 eCAADe-conference
included but were not limited to:

• CAAD curriculum
• City modeling
• Collaborative design
• Design creativity
• Digital design education
• Design pedagogics
• Design process
• Generative design
• Human-computer interaction
• Research, Education & Practice
• Innovation
• Precedence and prototypes
• Prediction and evaluation
• Shape studies
• Virtual architecture
• Virtual reality
• Web-based design

Proceedings: The eCAADe 2003 proceedings are available in book and CD-ROM format from Dr. Wolfgang Dokonal

2002: Connecting the Real and the VirtualGraz

Host: Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Chairman: Stefan Wrona

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The 2002 eCAADe conference theme focused on the wide sphere of two overlapping design worlds: the real and the virtual. As the sphere of CAAD continues to expand, the question of how these worlds can be effectively and creatively inter-related will be raised and explored. Network based distributed environments produce new conditions for design and design education. Opportunities and limitations derived from the emerging globalization of distributed design education offer new challenges for architectural schools. The special aim of the Warsaw conference was to make explicit the connections between the developments in the computer mediated world and the real world. Suggested topics were:

• Hybrid design environments – formal schemes and practical design implementations
• Design interpretation of the real in the context of emergence of virtual environments
• Experiments and research with virtual worlds
• Pragmatic and imaginary scenarios of virtual worlds developments
• Design methods in collaborative teams
• Creative implementations of digital environments for design practices
• Multiple media implementation in architectural education and practice
• Management of real and virtual data in design processes
• Educational solutions – methodologies and technical solutions

Proceedings: The eCAADe 2002 proceedings are available in book and CD-ROM format from Stefan Wrona.

2001: Architectural information managementAlvar Aalto HUT

Host: Helsinki University of Technology (HUT)

Chairman: Hannu Penttilä

Web site archive: www.ecaade.org/prev-conf/archive/ecaade2001/

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Several common phrases, such as ”information society” or ”virtual reality” point out the fact that information technology, digital tools and numerous different services via various communication networks have become crucially important factors of our western lifestyle and living environment. The trends of the society afflects naturally also to the working environments of the construction field, architectural discipline among them. It is rather obscure to even imagine an architect of without PC-based tools anymore.

This evolutionar development process has — from historical perspective just recently — started. And the process is all the time evolving and rapidly multiplying our possibilities to use and enjoy these modern digital fruits

Those sometimes unpredictable and fast changes in our working environment should make us architects nervous about the impacts of the changes. All those delicate methods and collective traditions of the several thousand year architectural discipline (!), just simply can not be transferred into digital in a few decades. Us researchers and teachers should very carefully, but still openminded and critically explore, analyze and adjust the so-called ”modern technology” into the world of architecture, construction, design, planning — and education. We are not just ”users”, whereas we, in fact, should define what, where and how are we willing to use it (IT).

The value of information is constantly growing in our society, and in the future it evidently will be even more so. The value of information is quite hard to define with measurable or agreed concepts, but information evidently contains value-factors. The information which the architects are creating, modifying and manipulating, contains very essential and valuable core data concerning the whole built environment of our society. It affects the physical surroundings of our society, in which we will be living for decades — hence,the information has wide coverage in time. The architectural core information also affects very strongly to the quality of life of our fellow citizens — hence, it has deep social meaning.The essentials of architectural information relies on the tradition of centuries — hence, it definately has acknowledged cultural values,which it is also extremely difficult to measure.

How could architectural information be described, then? The information covers a wide range of very heterogenious kinds of concepts, items, values, methods, tools, materials, true facts, rumours, intuition and knowledge. Plus a multitude of yet undefined or unpredictable factors, which still have to be watched and prepared for. Since the information deals with common and general subjects, it should also be described with common and general concepts. On the other hand the information also concerns minor and tiny details of certain specific projects, the architectural information should also be described with well identified and unique entities.

With our digital tools we handle all information — also architectural — more and more digitally. We have to handle and manipulate the information currently as digital data, which could be understood the ”raw material” of architectural information. Digital data becomes valuable information, when some kind of meaning or purpose to somebody, can be defined to it in some certain situation[s].

In the early glooming days of ”digital architecture” in the 1960’s and 1970’s, researchers tried to describe architectural artifacts and even design process mathematically. The details of architectural information were just quite difficult to describe with binary alphanumeric information of main-frame machines.

The architects’ tools’ development, then lead to a trend where architects could better represent and visualize the design objects digitally. The widespread and common use of 2D-drawing and 3D-modelling tools is still very strong trend within our discipline. In fact it is ”the way” the majority of architectural information is managed today.

During the last 15 – 20 years so-called conceptual modelling or product data modelling, done in various technical and construction field reserach units worldwide, has from one viewpoint clarified the basis and essence of architectural information. Hence, it’s not only CAD-software application development, but also elementary and theoretical research, that gives us valuable help to survive among the growing seas of terabits of data in the future to come.

Architectural information is something that simply can not be described just with dwg-drawings or dummy scanned photographs any more. Although drawings and photos may contain very important bits of architectural documentation, we need n-times more ”complexity layers”, concepts and tools to manage and understand the essence of architectural information today. A proper way to manage the data we are working with, has to cover the whole architectural discipline. The methods and tools also have to be valid and flexible also in the future.

Remember that future is somewhere out there… it is forming up right here, all the time, and just today.

2000: Promise and Realitybauhaus weimar

Host: Bauhaus-Universitat Weimar, Faculty of Architecture

Chairman:Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dirk Donath

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The 18th eCAADe conference and the 15th IKM (International Colloquium on the Application of Computer Science and Mathematics in Architecture and Civil Engineering) were held together in Weimar. We wanted to use this extraordinary possibility to bring experiences and ideas from experts in these strongly interweaved fields together and to establish a creative athmosphere.

The conference aimed to discuss and highlight the actual situation in applied computer science, this orientation should have been strictly embedded in a discussion with the software industry, with software developers and computer users in practice following the topic proposed above. Contributions were therefore welcome from researchers who are actively investigating mathematic and computer science for the building and urban design, planning or construction process though not limited to: architects, civil engineers, computer scientists, designers, mathematicians, engineers, philosophers and social scientists.

This conference was looking for papers and contributions which reflect the state of the art from a critical point of view, combined with realistic concepts or dream-like visions for solutions. It should have been not only a simple disaffirmation or unsubstantiated critique of unsatisfied developers or users! One aim was to confront the conference participants with misleading approaches. The participants should have been able to learn from mistakes too. Topics for submitted papers could include, but were not limited to those at www.uni-weimar.de/ecaade . Any other related theme was be possible to discuss in form of round table participation if enough interests exist.

Proceedings: The eCAADe 2000 proceedings are available in book and CD-ROM format from Dirk Donath.

1999: Architectural Computing: From Turing to 2000st georges hall

Host: CAADRU, University of Liverpool, UK

Chairman: Andy Brown, Mike Knight and Phil Berridge

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A few years ago there was discussion at a broad range of Architectural CAD Conferences about the ‘paradigm shift’ that either appeared to be happening or was being positively promoted. If we look back over the previous five years at that shift there is certainly evidence of a change in the nature and goals of CAAD education and research.

The driving forces behind the changes that are evident have come from a mixture of pragmatic and philosophical forces. The pragmatic being that computers are ubiquitous, relatively cheap and accepted as a contemporary communication and information distribution device in our societies. Philosophically, in the same way that there was a link between the birth of film and the development of Freud’s psychological analysis of dreams, so the links between computer mediated communication and ideas such as disembodiment and otherness have grown.

The themes that are evident in ‘eCAADe 17: Architectural Computing from Turing to 2000′ are evidence of the fact that our perspective now reflects this new paradigm. Creative design processes and education potentials fostered through virtual, often collaborative, environments are referred to by many of the authors contributing. Across a broad sweep of nations represented at eCAADe 17 there are common developmental trends which reveal a common desire to enhance the quality of architecture and architectural critique through the vehicle of computed environments.

Proceedings: The eCAADe17 proceedings are available in book and CD-ROM format fromAndy Brown at CAADRU (ISBN:0 9523687 5 7)

1998: Computer Craftsmanship in Architectural Educationvillette

Host: Ecole d’Architecture de Paris Val de Marne, France.

Chairman: Mikhael Porada, Nader Boutros and D. Clayssen

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The conference considered the idea of the importance of craftsmanship in the various roles in which computers are currently applied to the arcitectural processes. Three sub-themes were identified as a was of catagorising contributions. The se were IT and Education; IT and Research, IT and Design. The conference was bilingual with translations from English to French and vice versa.

Proceedings: The Paris conference proceedings are available in CD-ROM format from Mikhael Porada (ISBN 0 9523687 4 9)

1997: Challenges of the Futurevienna school

Host: Vienna University of Technology, Austria.

Chairman: Bob Martens, Helena Linzer and Andreas Voigt.

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This conference focussed on new challenges in following areas:

• Digital Design Process
• Spatial Modeling
• Collaborative Teamwork

and their promotion of new directions for computation in the design professions resp. their relationship to the educational function.

As most of us have observed in the past few years, we have begun to emerge as intermediaries between education, practice and the new technologies. We have begun to provide new computational research orientations to the generation of knowledge about design and planning process. Over and above acting as a medium of access to tools, we have begun to function in new roles in our schools as strengthening the presence of theories and the intellectual content of design and planning education. The emergence of new media and techniques are further influencing our function as interpreters of the conceptual implications of change and development.

All the abstracts from the 1997 Vienna conference can be read here.

Proceedings: The Vienna conference proceedings are available in CD-ROM format from Bob Martens (ISBN 0 9523687 3-0)

1996: Education for Practicelund gallery

Host:School of Architecture, Lund Institute of Technology, Sweden.

Chairman: Jonas af Klercker, Anders Ekholm and Sverker Fridqvist

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The theme of the conference ‘Education for Practice’ reflects the current situation where newly graduated architects are expected to have a working knowledge of CAD. However the schools of architecture often have difficulties in getting CAD into the curriculum as there are a lot of other things which new architects should know. Very few of the architecture faculty know enough about CAAD to understand that it may also be used to improve education within their own field of knowledge.

Trying to find arguments for more CAAD in the curriculum we turn to our ‘market’, the practising architects. What do they say? Shortsighted practitioners would then ask for operational knowledge of the most commonly used CAD programs. Is that what we think is the right thing to teach? In other areas of knowledge the schools are expected to look ahead, prepare for the future, and produce architects with versatile skills. This is especially natural in the CAAD area where the development is extremly fast.

Looking into the future we find that commercially successful and in practice popular programs do not always have the means needed. Sometimes less commonly used programs have those facilities and will therefore be used.

The new generation of electronic media gives us more than a hint of a change of society into the Information era, a change which is of the same dimensions as when we entered the Industrial era. Now as then the consequences are unforeseeable and difficult to describe to others. It is in a way a matter of belief.

The possibility of sharing ideas and experiences is more important than ever. This conference reflects an ongoing discussion on the subject of CAAD, its impact on architectural practice, its place in the curriculum and its prospects for new design methods.

Proceedings: The Lund conference proceedings are available in book format from Jonas af Klercker (ISBN 0 9523687 2 2)

1995: Multimedia and Architectural Disciplineslund gallery

Host: Dipartimento di Progetto e Construzione Edilizia, Universita di Palermo, Italy.

Chairman: Benedetto Colajanni and Giuseppe Pellitteri

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The rapid development of the potentialities of multimedia imposes a reflection about its use in teaching architecture. Multimedia is multifaceted and each facet deserves a particular attention inasmuch as it can change the traditional approach to learning.

A direct experience of an architectural work can be simulated with a impact far stronger than an experience through photographs, drawings and books can do. But, as every positive fact can have in certain cases also some negative consequences, the intensity of the participation to an experience structured by someone else can leave less space to a personal approach to the object of the presentation. The same problem is posed if we consider the structure of an hypertext. The essence of the hypertext lies in the net of relationships between very different kinds of documents that it is able to manage in order to express the complexity of its theme. But who has to create the net, the teacher choosing the relationship that he thinks important or the learner to build a personal image of the hypertext matter. It is an old question about the two faces of teaching: transmitting knowledge or giving the learner the instruments to build by oneself his store of knowledge. Easy and trivial answer that both approaches can be useful. The accomplishment of a multimedial sequence of average complexity requires at present a lot of time. Hence, to be convenient, it is to be used many times, then by many students. The effectiveness of the tool partly depends on the rapidity with which it can be constructed. Speeding it up would allow to use this kind of tools with the same easiness than mare traditional means of representation.

Besides those general considerations a check is to do on the peculiarities, if any, of the use of multimedia in the different disciplines of the formative curriculum of an architect.

This is theme of our thirteenth conference. The programme has been articulated into sessions, dealing separately with history teaching, design teaching and research. Of course the sessions dealing with design are more numerous than the other, since design is the axis of teaching architecture.

The presented papers cover a large arc of arguments, dealing with many facets of the proposed themes with plenty of examples and documentation on practical experiences, constituting a corpus of great usefulness for any operator in the field of architecture teaching.

Proceedings: The Palermo conference proceedings are available in book format fromBenedetto Colajanni (ISBN 0 9523687 1 4)

1994: The Virtual Studiolund gallery

Host: ABACUS, Department of Architecture, University of Strathclyde, UK

Chairman: Tom Maver, Jelena Petric and Jean Dick

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The 1994 conference was hosted by ABACUS at the University of Strathclyde and attended by, at that time, a record number of 130 delegates. For the first time in the series of ECAADE Conferences the word “virtual” featured in the title and had significant relevance to the way in which the conference was organised: the main lecture hall hosted the “real” presentations while an identical lecture hall located directly below, hosted the “virtual” presentations relayed simultaneously in sound and video from “above”. This arrangement allowed committed participants to engage “live” with actual presenters while other participants could connect – on and off – with the virtual presentations below. It all seemed to work quite well.

The organisers of the Glasgow Conference think that 1994 contributed to a more ambitious expectation of the number of participants attending ECAADE conferences but maybe it was the allure of the national drink, the national party (CEILIDH -we had the tallest man in the shortest kilt and the shortest man in the longest kilt) and, of course, the wonderful Glasgow weather.

Despite all the academic quality and great good fun, Jelena Petric opted, on the Saturday, to give birth to Nina; a double and memorable celebration in Glasgow.

Proceedings: The Virtual Studio proceedings are available in book format from Jean Dick at ABACUS (ISBN: 0 95 2 3687 0 6)

  • 1993 Eindhoven: Smeltzer, G., Education in Computer Aided Architectural Design
  • 1992 Barcelona: CAAD Instruction: The New Teaching of an Architect
  • 1991 Munich: Pittioni, G., Experiences with CAAD in Education and Practice
  • 1990 Budapest: No proceedings
  • 1989 Aarhus: Agger, K.; Lentz, U., CAAD – Education Research and Practice
  • 1987 Zurich: Kramel, H., Architectural Education and the Information Explosion
  • 1986 Rome: Carrara, G., Teaching and Research with CAAD
  • 1985 Rotterdam: No proceedings
  • 1984 Helsinki: Poyry, M., eCAADe 84 – Third European Conference
  • 1983 Brussels: De Wilde, W.P. et al., eCAADe Proceedings of the International Conference
  • 1982 Delft: No proceedings